Bound by complex two-way linkages, agriculture and health are essential for reducing poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition. In late 2004, the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) recognized the potential benefits of cooperation in research, policy-making, and practice between the two sectors and created the Agriculture and Health Research Platform (AHRP) as an umbrella organization to facilitate this cooperation. A CGIAR-wide roundtable in June 2005 led to the development of a comprehensive conceptual framework of agriculture-health linkages, subsequently presented at the CGIAR Annual General Meeting in Marrakech in December 2005. In April 2006, the CGIAR Alliance Executive endorsed the Platform as a basis for further research, capacity strengthening, and communication within and beyond the CGIAR. The Platform has since established a long-term collaboration with the health sector following an October 2006 meeting in Geneva with representatives of the World Health Organization (WHO). This was further advanced at a multistakeholder workshop, co-hosted by WHO, in June 2007 in Geneva where research priorities were identified, opportunities for collaborative research explored, and a consensus established on the governance of the platform. A health advisory group of global public health experts advises the Platform, along with a core research group comprising representatives of the CGIAR centers, along with WHO, FAO and several NGOs and academic institutions. IFPRI coordinates the work of the Platform on behalf of the CGIAR.