The AHRP research agenda is designed to take account of the broader concerns of stakeholders and policymakers in the agricultural, nutrition, and health communities. The main research-related outputs will be program options and strategies that support positive synergies between agriculture and health for the ultimate benefit of poor rural smallholder households and farming communities. A periodically-updated summary of key research activities of AHRP partners can be found here.
- HIV/AIDS and Agriculture
- Avian Flu and Other Zoonotic Diseases
- Nutrition, Diet, and Health
- Food Safety and Growing Food Supply Chains
- Water Associated Disease and Water Management
The majority of people affected by HIV and AIDS globally depend on agriculture for their livelihoods and have suffered great losses in productivity and wealth in the presence of the disease. Multiple interactions exist between HIV/AIDS and agriculture that have had repercussions on disease transmission, poverty, and the well-being of affected populations.
Zoonotic diseases represent a major risk to human health and economic security (80% of new diseases come from animals). Highly pathogenic avian influenza has mobilized worldwide attention to containing and preventing a pandemic. Studies are now underway to assess of the livelihood and welfare consequences of the disease and control measures.
Nutrition appears at a critical interface between agriculture and health. In creating these sector linkages, food security may be ensured and dietary quality improved to prevent micronutrient deficiencies. A greater understanding of the pathways through which agriculture-oriented programming (e.g. homestead food production) leads to improved nutrition is needed.
The increasing complexity of agricultural production and food supply chains has introduced new risks of food contamination; millions of adults and children suffer from the ill-health effects of food-borne diseases. For example, there is growing evidence of the public health problems related to mycotoxin contamination.
Water is essential in nearly all interactions of an ecosystem. Agricultural water management can increase yield, but similarly increase risks for water-borne disease. The water-related effects arising from climate change have implications for both human health and agriculture. Rift Valley fever, a zoonosis generally occurring after heavy rains or flooding, requires multisectoral approaches to control.